At the beginning of the 19th century the morphological description of the human body reached a great level of detail. Anatomical knowledge was established as an essential pillar in scientific medicine, and from 1800 anatomical models became a valuable tool for teaching it properly.

New fields of anatomy enabled the understanding of the biological reality of living things throughout the 19th century and played a role in moving scientific medicine forward. Thanks to the popularisation of the anatomical models, that knowledge could spread throughout the different levels of teaching.

The presence of human anatomy models in the Bergara laboratories was already documented by 1793. The models that have been preserved until today are much later examples from the end of the 19th century.